"The original task was to model the maximum wave heights to set the minimum safe floor elevation for structures and roadway design in the city," says Sabique Langodan from KAUST's Red Sea Modeling and Prediction Group. "Yet with the wealth of wave and water-level observations and accurate bathymetry (water depth) near the coastline, combined with the advanced modeling and supercomputing capabilities available to us at KAUST, we extended the study to investigate the role of coral reefs in modulating the wave climate of this reef-sheltered region."